As captain of the Notre Dame University football team in 1913, Knute Rockne inaugurated the forward pass. Notre Dame that year defeated the heavily favored Army team and the forward pass became a staple in football games. Following graduation, Rockne taught chemistry at his alma mater and served as an assistant football coach. He became head coach in 1918 and during the next 13 years he demonstrated that football teams could win by using brains and speed as well as brawn by using trick plays against brute strength. In his career, his teams had 105 wins, 12 losses, and five ties. His 1930 team was undefeated.